Västra Götaland is the most distinctly maritime region in Sweden, with a range of different activities, as well as the largest lake in Western Europe – Lake Vänern – and the largest river in Sweden, the Göta älv. There is every reason to make good use of this tradition and expertise in the maritime fields, naturally to protect the environment, but also to strengthen existing activities and to develop new activities that are associated with the sea. This entails using the ecosystem services of the sea in a long-term, sustainable manner, which is also a strong trend in the EU. Within the framework of the integrated maritime policy, investments are made in the maritime fields, both to protect the environment, and also to strengthen existing activities and to develop new activities that are associated with the sea.
This report presents the results of an investigation of maritime clusters in Västra Götaland, which was carried out on the initiative of Region Västra Götaland, Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg (GU) and presented in November 2012. The purpose of the investigation is to describe the current state of the maritime sectors, using the maritime strategy of Västra Götaland as a starting point (see section 2.3), as well as to provide an analysis of future growth areas, based on a cluster perspective. A proposal is presented for the structure and organisation of the maritime clusters. As the starting point for this, the premise was taken that development is knowledge- driven and that a crucial issue in the process is the dynamic interaction between “knowledge producers”, businesses and public sector actors.